Why Is the Book of Enoch Not in the Catholic Bible

Why Is the Book of Enoch Not in the Catholic Bible?

The Bible, as we know it today, consists of 66 books in Protestant Bibles and 73 books in Catholic Bibles. One of the notable differences between the two versions is the exclusion of the Book of Enoch from the Catholic Bible. This exclusion has led to much speculation and curiosity among believers and scholars alike. In this article, we will explore the reasons behind the absence of the Book of Enoch in the Catholic Bible and address some frequently asked questions on the topic.

The Book of Enoch is an ancient Jewish religious text believed to have been written during the Second Temple period, between the 3rd century BCE and the 1st century CE. It is ascribed to Enoch, a biblical figure mentioned in the book of Genesis, who is said to have been taken up to heaven by God. The book delves into the topics of fallen angels, the Nephilim (offspring of angels and humans), and the final judgment.

So, why isn’t the Book of Enoch included in the Catholic Bible? Here are a few key reasons:

1. Canonicity: The canonization process for the Bible involved a careful selection of texts that were considered divinely inspired and authoritative. While some early Christian communities regarded the Book of Enoch as scripture, it was eventually excluded from the official canon. The criteria for inclusion in the canon varied, but generally, texts had to have a close association with the apostles or other recognized authorities in early Christianity. The Book of Enoch did not meet these criteria, leading to its omission from the Catholic Bible.

2. Disputed Authenticity: The authenticity of the Book of Enoch has long been a subject of debate. While some scholars argue for its authenticity, others consider it to be a pseudepigraphal work, meaning it falsely claims authorship by a well-known figure. The Catholic Church, in its discernment of scriptural texts, has placed greater emphasis on works with a well-established authorship and historical reliability. The uncertain authorship of the Book of Enoch likely contributed to its exclusion from the Catholic Bible.

3. Theological Considerations: The content of the Book of Enoch presents some theological challenges and differences from mainstream Christian beliefs. It delves into themes of angelic rebellion, forbidden knowledge, and apocalyptic events. These concepts, though intriguing, may have been deemed too divergent from the core teachings of the Catholic faith. The Church’s focus on Christ-centered theology and the teachings of the apostles may have influenced its decision to exclude the Book of Enoch from the official canon.


Q: Is the Book of Enoch considered scripture by any Christian denomination?
A: Yes, the Book of Enoch is considered scripture by some Ethiopian Orthodox Christians. It is also highly regarded by certain branches of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church.

Q: Are there any references to the Book of Enoch in the New Testament?
A: While the Book of Enoch is not directly quoted in the New Testament, there are a few passages that seem to allude to its content. For example, the Epistle of Jude references an apocryphal work attributed to Enoch, possibly referring to the Book of Enoch.

Q: Can Catholics read the Book of Enoch for personal study?
A: Yes, Catholics can read the Book of Enoch for personal study and exploration of ancient Jewish literature. However, it should be noted that it is not considered part of the official Catholic canon and should not be treated as scripture.

Q: Are there any lessons or insights that can be gained from the Book of Enoch?
A: The Book of Enoch offers valuable insights into the religious beliefs and worldview of ancient Jewish communities. It provides a unique perspective on topics such as angels, divine judgment, and the complexities of human-divine interactions.

In conclusion, the exclusion of the Book of Enoch from the Catholic Bible can be attributed to factors such as canonicity, disputed authenticity, and theological considerations. While it remains a significant piece of ancient Jewish literature and serves as a source of inspiration for some, its absence from the official Catholic canon reflects the discernment process undertaken by the early Church in determining the authoritative texts for Christian believers.

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